Chickpea cyst nematode - Heterodera ciceri
Effective: August 18, 2010
Taxonomic Position: Tylenchida : Heteroderidae
Pest Type: Nematodes
This pest is a member of the following surveys: Cyst Nematode
These Approved Methods are appropriate for: 2025, 2024, 2023, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011
Pest Information
Hosts Identified in the CAPS Host Matrix:
Pest is vectored by:

Approved Method(s)
Method Detail NAPIS Survey Method
Soil Sample Send sample to nematology diagnostic lab where nematodes will be extracted and identified (preferred method). 3012 - General Soil Sample
Tissue Sample Send sample to nematology diagnostic lab where nematodes will be extracted and identified. 3011 - General Tissue Sample
Method Notes:

Survey Recommendations
The following are recommendations for executing the survey using the approved methods for pest surveillance. The recommendations are developed through literature review and consultation with subject matter experts.
Key Diagnostic or Identification

Approved Method(s)
Mistaken Identities:
In Progress / Literature-based Diagnostics:
  1. Clapp, J.P., Van Der Stoel, C.D., and Van Der Putten, W.H. 2000. Rapid identification of cyst (Heterodera spp., Globodera spp.) and root-knot (Meloidogyne spp.) nematodes on the basis of ITS2 sequence variation detected by PCR-single-strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) in cultures and field samples (2000) Molecular Ecology, 9 (9): 1223-1232.
  2. Greco, N., Di Vito, M., Saxena M. C., and Reddy, M. V. 1988. Effect of Heterodera ciceri on yield of chickpea and lentil and development of this nematode on chickpea in Syria. Nematologica 34: 98-114.
  3. Greco, N., Volvas, N., and Inserra, R. N. 1992a. The chickpea cyst nematode, Heterodera ciceri. Florida Dept. Agric. & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Nematology Circular No. 198.
  4. Imren, M., Waeyenberge, L., Viaene, N., Toktay, H., Dababat, A., and Elek├žioğlu, I.H. 2012. Molecular characterization of cereal cyst nematodes from the South Anatolian Region in Turkey using ITS-rDNA sequences. Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 36 (4): 491-499.
  5. Madani, M., Vovlas, N., Castillo, P., Subbotin, S.A., and Moens, M. 2004. Molecular characterization of cyst nematode species (Heterodera spp.) from the Mediterranean basin using RFLPs and sequences of ITS-rDNA. Journal of Phytopathology 152: 229-234.
  6. Sabo, A., Vovlas, N., and Ferris, V.R. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships based on ribosomal DNA data for four species of cyst nematodes from Italy and one from Syria. Journal of Nematology, 33 (4): 183-190.
  7. Subbotin, S. A., Waeyenberge, L., and Moens, M. 2000. Identification of cyst forming nematodes of the genus Heterodera (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) based on the ribosomal DNA-RFLP. Nematology 2(2): 153-164.
  8. Subbotin, S.A., Mundo-Ocampo, M., and Baldwin, J.G. 2010. Systematics of Cyst Nematodes (Nematoda: Heteroderinae). Nematology Monograph and Perspectives Volume 8A. Brill, Leiden-Boston, 351 pp.
  9. Vovlas, N., Greco, N., and Di Vito, M. 1985. Heterodera ciceri sp. n. (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) on Cicer arietinum L. from northern Syria. Nematol. Medit. 13: 239-252.

If you are unable to find a reference, contact See the CAPS Pest Datasheet for all references.