Cucumber green mottle mosaic (CGMMV) - Tobamovirus Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus
Effective: April 6, 2018
Taxonomic Position: Unassigned : Virgaviridae
Pest Type: Viruses
These Approved Methods are appropriate for: 2024, 2023, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
Pest Information
Hosts Identified in the CAPS Host Matrix:
Pest is vectored by:

Approved Method(s)
Method Detail NAPIS Survey Method
Visual Collect symptomatic plant material. 3031 - General Visual Observation

Survey Recommendations
The following are recommendations for executing the survey using the approved methods for pest surveillance. The recommendations are developed through literature review and consultation with subject matter experts.
Key Diagnostic or Identification

Approved Method(s)
Mistaken Identities:
In Progress / Literature-based Diagnostics:
  1. ASTA. 2014. Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus. American Seed Trade Association, April, 2014. Retrieved from
  2. Boubourakas, I. N., Hatziloukas, E., Antignus, Y., and N. I. Katis. 2004. Etiology of leaf chlorosis and deterioration of the fruit interior of watermelon plants. Journal of Phytopathology 152(10): 580-588.
  3. Fletcher, J. T. 1969. Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, its effect on yield and its control in the Lea Valley, England. Plant Pathology 18: 16–22.
  4. Li, J. Y., Q. W. Wei, Y. Liu, X. Q. Tan, W. N. Zhang, J. Y. Wu, and X. R. Tao. 2013. One-step reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for the rapid detection of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus. Journal of Virological Methods 193(2): 583-588.
  5. Ling, K.-S., R. Li, and W. Zhang. 2014. First report of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus infecting greenhouse cucumber in Canada. Plant Disease, 98(5): 701
  6. Reingold, V., O. Lachman, E. Belausov, A. Koren, N. Mor, and A. Dombrovsky. 2016. Epidemiological study of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus in greenhouses enables reduction of disease damage in cucurbit production. Annals of Applied Biology 168(1): 29-40.
  7. Reingold, V., O. Lachman, E. Blaosov, and A. Dombrovsky. 2015. Seed disinfection treatments do not sufficiently eliminate the infectivity of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) on cucurbit seeds. Plant Pathology 64: 245-255.
  8. Shang, H., Y. Xie, X. Zhou, Y. Qian, and J. Wu. 2011. Monoclonal antibody-based serological methods for detection of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus. Virology Journal, 8. Retrieved from
  9. Tesoriero, L. A., G. Chambers, M. Srivastava, S. Smith, B. Conde, and L. T. T. Tran-Nguyen. 2016. First report of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus in Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 11 (1): 1-3
  10. Tian, T., K. Posis, C. J. Maroon-Lango, V. Mavrodieva, S. Haymes, T. L. Pitman, and B. W. Falk. 2014. First report of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus on melon in the United States. Plant Disease 98 (8): 1163.

If you are unable to find a reference, contact See the CAPS Pest Datasheet for all references.